The first Indigenous Peoples Human Rights Report (IPHR), “Peoples' Rights in Peripherals”, assessed the situation of the Lumad rights in the last eighteen months of the Aquino III administration using the framework of the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples (UNDRIP). Conclusively, the report found that the Aquino III administration failed to comply with its obligations in the protection and promotion of Lumad rights as guaranteed by the UNDRIP and other UN instruments including human rights conventions which the Government of the Republic of the Philippines (GRP) ratified. The IPHR also provided recommendations for state action that sought to address issues confronting Lumad rights and issues that remain unheeded.
This year, the report trains its lens on the Duterte administration in its first year. Hailing from Mindanao, Rodrigo “Digong” Duterte was held in high-esteem by many Lumad leaders and advocates calling him a “friend of the Lumad” owing to his track record in the promotion and defense of Lumad rights as mayor of Davao City and as chairman of the Southern Mindanao Regional Peace and Order Council.
President Duterte reportedly defended Lumad schools under attack, even issuing an agreement barring military presence in Talaingod, Davao del Norte in 2014. He also offered sanctuary among Lumads who experienced threats to their lives and safety. He offered protection for the Manobo evacuees who sought sanctuary in the compound of the United Church of Christ in the Philippines in Davao City after having been displaced due to militarization in their community.
How's the Lumad rights a year into the Duterte Presidency? Find out by downloading the report titled, 'State of Unchange'.